Tag Archives: E. F. Schumacher

E. F. Schumacher’s Four Fields of Knowledge

This fourfold is created from the product of two duals: Self & World, and Inner Experience & Outer Appearance.

  • The Inner Experience of Self is Experience.
  • The Outer Appearance of Self is Behavior.
  • The Inner Experience of World is Communication.
  • The Outer Appearance of World is Science.

schumacher_fieldsThe first fourfold is very similar to Hjelmslev’s Net, where Content is Inner Experience, Expression is Outer Appearance, Substance is unitary “Self”, and Form is multiplicity “World”.

It is also almost identical to Ken Wilbur’s AQAL as presented here.

References:

E. F. Schumacher / A Guide for the Perplexed

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Guide_for_the_Perplexed

http://www.integralworld.net/edwards2.html

[*7.88, *7.174, *7.176]

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