The Four Temperaments

four_temperamentsWhat would a list of fourfolds be without mentioning the Four Temperaments: Sanguine, Choleric, Melancholic, and Phlegmatic?

Indeed, these personality types from ancient medicine and philosophy are still a source of classification and inspiration for modern psychology, even though the reasons for the differences (the four humors) has been discredited. The four humors were blood, yellow bile, black bile (they were big on bile), and phlegm, and were also related to the Four Seasons and the Four Elements.

Below is psychologist David Keirsey’s modernization of the four temperaments, consisting of Idealist, Artisan, Guardian, and Rationalist.


Images of the Four Temperaments.

[*6.122, *6.123, *7.194, *8.14, *8.94, *8.139]



6 Responses to “The Four Temperaments”

  1. Patrick Crosby Says:

    Here is another account of one of the temprements

  2. The Medicine Wheel | Equivalent eXchange Says:

    […] The aspect of the Medicine Wheel illustrated above is similar to the Four Temperaments. […]

  3. The DISC Theory | Equivalent eXchange Says:

    […] psychological schemas are based on a four-fold distinction. I have already briefly mentioned the Four Temperaments, but I hope to look at several more in the near […]

  4. Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles | Equivalent eXchange Says:

    […] Even the personalities of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles can be put in correspondence with the Four Temperaments! […]

  5. The Four Dichotomies of the MBTI | Equivalent eXchange Says:

    […] four special subsets xNTx, xNFx, xSxJ, xSxP, (usually written NT, NF, SJ, SP), are aligned to the four personality temperaments by David […]

  6. The Matrix of Four, the Philosophy of the Duality of Polarity | Equivalent eXchange Says:

    […] talks about the four humors or four vital fluids, the Classic four-fold hot/cold and moist/dry, the four temperaments, the four personality types of Plato and those of Aristotle, the Four Causes of Aristotle, the four […]

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