I shall begin with the assumption that a perfect state is one that is rightly ordered, and is therefore wise, brave, temperate and just.
— Plato, from The Republic
The Cardinal virtues are a quartet set of virtues recognized in the writings of Classical Antiquity and, along with the theological virtues, also in Christian tradition. They are comprised of the following qualities:
- Prudence: also described as wisdom, the ability to judge between actions with regard to appropriate actions at a given time.
- Justice: also considered as fairness, the most extensive and most important virtue.
- Restraint: also known as temperance, the practice of self-control, abstention, and moderation tempering the appetition.
- Courage: also named fortitude, forbearance, strength, endurance, and the ability to confront fear, uncertainty, and intimidation.
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