The Grid-Group Cultural Theory (also known as the Cultural Theory of Risk) originated from the studies of anthropologist Mary Douglas and political scientist Aaron Wildavsky. Grid and Group are two dimensions of sociality, each with a low and high value: Grid measures the differentiation between people (so low grid means people are similar), and Group measures the cohesion or social bonds between people (so low group means people do not have strong bonds).
A “high group” way of life exhibits a high degree of collective control, whereas a “low group” one exhibits a much lower one and a resulting emphasis on individual self-sufficiency. A “high grid” way of life is characterized by conspicuous and durable forms of stratification in roles and authority, whereas a “low grid” one reflects a more egalitarian ordering.
- Individualist: Low group and low grid, Nature is robust
- Fatalist: Low group and high grid, Nature is capricious
- Hierarchist: High group and high grid, Nature is tolerant
- Egalitarian: High group and low grid, Nature is fragile
[*4.86, *8.112, *11.4, *11.5]
One thought on “Grid-Group Cultural Theory, V2”