This fourfold of duals from Buddhism lists the hopes and fears that bind us to the world and our culture. They are known as the eight worldly winds, concerns, or dharmas. Both hopes and fears, wanting and not wanting, can be seen as negative.
- Hope for Pleasure and Fear of Pain
- Hope for Gain and Fear of Loss
- Hope for Praise and Fear of Blame
- Hope for Prestige and Fear of Disgrace